Future... Advanced technology. Only thing that people are interested in is physically provable phenomona. Society has removed all the the problems past societies have experienced. There is no substance abuse, no physical violence, no wars between nations... there is world wide “peace”, plenty of resources, no apparent physical problems. There is still a lot of unhappiness, suicide, hopelessness. There are people who believe there is a spiritual solution, but they are not respected. They are called delusional, and often their ideas cause chaos in the lives of the people around them (early believers cause problems due to their immaturity and exuberance). These people's ideas are outlawed as being disruptive... They are not physically persecuted, but they are strongly discouraged from expressing their ideas... They aren't allowed to instruct others in their way of thinking. They have to go underground.

Scientists find abnormalities in space time... They figure out a way to project devices to record what's going on and send back signals to the source. They determine that what's going on where the devices are: past events. (and future events too...).

A scientist that is a secret member of the underground spiritual fraternity points out that the time and places the probes are being sent ot coincide with time frames and locations of people that are known for being spiritual. … Meditators, folks making conscious contact with God. Ezekiel, the Buddha, other historical figures from other religions. (Would do a lot of research on all this). Lots of fun with this and comic relief as well..

Scientists come up with a way to send devices to specific places and times using this method (research spiritual movements and people) via these worm holes. Then it's about PEOPLE going. There are huge questions asked about the disruptive possibilties with people. But, of course, some people want do it, --- in order to save loved ones that have passed away. Finding people in the RECENT past who have been meditating and making any sort of conscious contact is very difficult, due to the world's suppression of it. A powerful leader wants to do this, so he must find someone to help. The scientist then has to make decision about exposing himself. Is it correct, will it make a difference for the fraternity, if it does? Will it once again insert chaos in the world that religion often causes? The decision is made out of compassion, he helps the person, and he isn't sure how it will turn out... The end of the story leaves all that up to your imagination... or leaves it open for future stories to build off of....

Chapter 1

Establishment of the setting:

The atmosphere in the laboratory was one of contained excitement. Research scientists mixed with press writers in the lounge. (Description of lounge to include aspects of green sustainability...) Refreshment / Water, (and supply to the laboratory).

The likable scientist:

(Who is the protagonist, and what is he like?) Timothy waited for the experiment results with mixed emotions. On the one hand, he wanted his theory about the malleability of time and space to be proven, but on the other hand, what would be the result of that proof? The desire of the common man to travel in time? Another attempt at diversion from the reality of the daily grind? Vacation plans that included the adrenaline rush of viewing wars of the ancient man? Fuel for the development of even more theories on why and how the chaos of the world was alleviated by the institutionalization of the Global Common Mind. That would be counter productive to his deepest beliefs about the fundamental reasons for man's existence. However, he certainly couldn't advertise that fact to his co-scientists in the research facility.

So while he waited, he tuned into the netlink for updates on the election results. Not that it mattered much. The government was pretty self sufficient without it's puppet elected officials. Campaign promises were pretty much continuations of more of the same. Variations in speeches appealed to the voter's concepts of patriot expression, as opposed to any sort of real change. The Global Common Mind, made sure that individuals were happy with the way things were. GCC provided for everything. Why would you need to worry about the changes a new leader might bring in? Your needs weren't going to change, and your needs would always be met. Unless of course you admitted to needs for something more than what the GCC could possibly provide.

Political Leader
James Manfield. Front runner for Chancellor is a man that most think of as getting the sympathy vote. His son committed suicide 5 years earlier, and this man had exposed his grief and blah blah during the campaign. He is compelling and charismatic...

Universe Framework (description of story universe):
History of the creation of the GCC:

How do you let the reader know about the universe framework in such a way as to capture their interest? Description of facilities? Descriptions of Homes?

What allowed it to happen (technological discoveries): Invention of biological science that allowed for the controlled growth of housing facilities, (See The Living House footnote 1) transportation , (freight (railways, waterways, bicycle (people powered in metropolitan areas), pipelines.... Note, cities are engineered to be downstream (always... from production facilities). Overseas? Sails on boats... efficiency... People movement for recreation and business... railways...) Railways, magnetic tunnels (tunneling created by biologically engineered creatures).

My writing:
The laboratory walls were a pale yellow, this season's answer to the psychological condition of the workers in the facility. This color helped alleviate some of the depression that was showing up on the worker psych monitors . The walls color and texture was managed by computer controlled photosynthesis. Plants initially modified from bamboo allowed for sturdy wall structure and had the additional feature of supplying hollow cylinders required for distribution of chemicals required for the extensive computer network utilized by the scientists. This biological computing system was upgraded on a continuous basis in reaction to problem solving and data storage. Long term storage (Read Only Memory) found it's way to the grove of trees outside of the facility. The annual rings of the trees were found to be perfect journal systems. Working storage in the computing system (Read Access Memory) was easily dealt with in the actual chemicals stored in the flotsum and jetsum in the actively growing plants. File systems – branches... Amazing how the initial creation of computer science foresaw the biological simplicity of data storage and retrieval by branching, spawning, etc... terms used from the beginning of computer processing history. The creation of nature followed the most efficient methods of handling everything... and as products of that same creation, man, things in terms of the that nature that surrounds him.

Depression was a common problem in the GCC.

Speech of protagonist to group of seekers:

Creator has set the entire universe into motion. All things in the universe are known by Him. Nothing in the universe is unknown by Him. Nothing in the universe is more powerful than Creator. Nothing in the universe can happen outside of His will. Creator loves the creation unconditionally. No matter what twist or turn the creation may encounter, He loves the process, the processors, and the product. The forces that animate the universe are all designed and implemented by Creator. The counter forces and reactions that these forces induce into the creation are all recognized and accounted for in His original design. The forces and the substances all work together in a designed balance that allows the creation to work efficiently and beautifully.

Creator watches over the creation to observe the interactions of the elements of design. Creator moves upon and through the creation and calls it glorious. Creator embodies in His creation the senses of touch, smell, taste, sight and hearing. Creator has these senses and additional senses that allow Him to intimately know the creation at every moment. Creator's sense of the universe's interaction is infinitely more complex than our view of a kaleidoscope. We design the colors, the patterns and all other aspects of the device. We may be able to formulate exactly what its internal images will look like at any given moment, given the light and the glass and the mirrors in the device, but the varied nature of the thing, and the sheer beauty of the interaction of the elements of it, still captures our imagination, and fascinates us.

Creator has endowed the creation with free will. Creator has also endowed the creation with the intense desire to be with Creator intimately. The creation longs to be a part of Creator. Man is Creator's ultimate creation, most like the Creator in every way, and given special quality that makes man capable of the greatest synchronicity with Creator. These same qualities also make man capable of stretching Creator's original design to its limits. When Man makes free will choices to separate from the Creator, he feels pain. Sometimes this pain comes quickly, and sometimes the pain is not felt for a long time. Creator has warned Man that some choices will have distance him from the center of the creation (and the closest proximity to Creator. Even though there is an intense desire to be with Creator, there is also a strong, possibly equal, desire within Man to be independent, no matter what the cost to him. Man's will strengthens in the direction that he exercises it, whether to align himself with Creator, or to become independent. As it strengthens in the direction away from Creator, all of creation is impacted by the separation from Creator.

Each person born to the world, enters the world with a more powerful drive to be independent from Creator, than to be intimate with Creator. The reason for this has been speculated on as long as man has had the ability to think on it, and there are many different beliefs. We believe that Creator is benevolent, because we see the way that Creator works within us. Many believe that the reason we are born with the desire to be separate, is that Man has, in the past, made a decision that separated us from Creator. That decision so impacted creation, that our separation has to have continued in such a way to create balance. Man is aware of this desire for separation because he can feel it, and see it all around himself in the creation. He has a feeling that something is inherently not “right” in the creation. Creator so loves the creation however, that Creator provided a Way by which man can reunite with Him. The Way, is that every individual man must make a decision at some point after his birth to align himself with Creator. He must believe in Creator's plan for reunion. He must believe that Creator is supreme, has provided for every need of man, and that independence from Him is insanity. This decision is preceded by intense pain. The pain may be an intense awareness, that he is separate, but desires at his deepest level to not be separate. When he makes the decision, Creator floods into his life in a profoundly impacting way, a way can sweep him off his feet. After he makes the initial decision he must continue in that decision every moment. When the initial feeling of overwhelmed union with Creator becomes routine, he is very likely to fall back into making decisions similar to the ones he made previously as a matter of habit. He can avoid this pitfall if he is encouraged by other people who have gone through the same transformation to continue moving in a direction toward intimacy with Creator.

I am a part of the creation. I am also currently in a state of creation, dynamically evolving, using free will to make decisions that propel me forward in my process of being. I can actively choose to channel the will of Creator through myself. I can also actively choose to ignore the will of Creator. The physical part of me is tied to the creation, but the spiritual part of me came directly from Creator, and is part of Creator. Every moment I live, I choose to work from the set of tools available to me, whether physical tools, spiritual tools, or a combination of the two. My hope is that my Creator will work in me a closer union with Him, and that as He does this in a deeper and deeper way, I will want to serve His creation and help His creation to reunite with Him. As I move in this way, all of my damaging habits and patterns of living that bring me unhappiness, will be lifted from me. I will experience more and more love, and will in turn love, more and more. My fear of people and circumstances will vanish because I will know that Creator is actively caring for me, and will not let me fall.

The society around me actively tells me that there is no Creator. It tells me that it is insanity to believe in Creator. I choose to exercise the free will that my Creator has given me, and disagree with that society, even though there are strong penalties for doing so. Society tells me that it will cast me out, and in the past, being a part of society seemed the closest thing I had to unity with Creator. It is a leap of faith to cast aside society for the unknown that awaits union with the Creator. But I must do so, or I will never know peace in my spirit. As I do so and reap the rewards of doing so, I encourage others to follow me.

{ What I want to say... what I think is cool concept.... not what I believe, but wouldn't it be cool....
meditation... communing with God... is eternal life. It places us into eternity. One way.... we create brainwaves that expand forever into eternity... they are us, and they can be used to find us in the here and now. Time is relative to where you are. If you are everywhere, then you are outside of time. And if that is the case, you are eternal.

Conversation to discuss the science (made up) behind the story: speculation
Alot from wikipedia

Karen asked, “How did you think up the idea that these wormholes could be the result of human meditation?”

Timothy put down his tablet, looked over at her, and asked, “What is your understanding of human brainwaves?”

Karen smiled and said, “I learned in school that brainwaves are the communication between neurons within our brains that are produced by synchronised electrical pulses. I remember that there were different types, named after those infamous Greek letters that scientists love to use to label things. That's about as much information on the subject that I can recall off the top of my head.”

Good term to use, given that the cerebrum is where we store all those memories we worked so hard to create in school, and it's closest to the top of our head.

Collective unconscious?

Scientists have been measuring brainwaves since the beginning of the 20th century. The first measuring devices were crude but over time they became more and more accurate. Electrodes were taped to the outside of the skull and measure the electrical fluctuations that occur inside the brain. These electrical fluctuations can be measured outside the actual brain, because waves are forms of energy, and the dissipation of energy isn't confined to the immediate location of the release of energy. If that were the case, fires wouldn't give off heat. The energy was noted to move in waves because it occurred at regular intervals. The waves are measured in Hertz, the same way sound waves, light waves, and all other known waves are measured. The waves were recorded and then named using those Greek terms you spoke of.

Alpha brainwaves are dominant during quietly flowing thoughts. Alpha is the resting state for the brain. Beta brainwaves dominate our normal waking state of consciousness when attention is directed towards cognitive tasks and the outside world. Continual high frequency processing is not a very efficient way to run the brain, as it takes a tremendous amount of energy (note wave theory backs this up because high frequency takes more energy... cool... thinking does burn calories, just as someone I once talked with indicated).
Delta brainwaves are the slowest but loudest brainwaves (low frequency and deeply penetrating, like a drum beat). They are generated during dreamless sleep.
Theta waves exist in that twilight state which we normally only experience fleetingly as we wake or drift off to sleep. In theta we are in a dream; vivid imagery, intuition and information beyond our normal conscious awareness. It’s where we hold our ‘stuff’, our fears, troubled history, and nightmares.
 Gamma brainwaves are the fastest of brain waves frequency and relate to simultaneous processing of information from different brain areas (this is binding problem theory).

In old religious literature it was reported that some people who practice a type of deep meditation can remain conscious while in delta-sleep. Theta brainwaves occur most often in sleep but are also dominant in the deep meditation. Alpha, the power of now.

It passes information rapidly, and as the most subtle of the brainwave frequencies, the mind has to be quiet to access it. Gamma was traditionally dismissed as 'spare brain noise' until researchers discovered it was highly active when in states of universal love, altruism, and the ‘higher virtues’. Gamma rhythms modulate perception and consciousness, disappearing under anesthesia. Gamma is also above the frequency of neuronal firing, so how it is generated remains a mystery. The presence of Gamma relates to expanded consciousness and spiritual emergence.

Mental processes: Binding problem : it can be determined which parts of the brain respond to color, which parts respond to shape, etc... Initially, observations of individuals with varying brain injuries showed us that different parts of the brain handled different functions. (examples). Later experiments with electroencephalography showed us different locations in the brain and firing rates of neurons...
Experiments on Tibetan Buddhist monks have shown a correlation between transcendental mental states and gamma waves.[17][18] A suggested explanation is based on the fact that the gamma is intrinsically localized. Neuroscientist Sean O'Nuallain suggests that this very existence of synchronized gamma indicates that something akin to a singularity - or, to be more prosaic, a conscious experience - is occurring.[17] This work adduces experimental and simulated data to show that what meditation masters have in common is the ability to put the brain into a state in which it is maximally sensitive.
As hinted above, gamma waves have been observed in Tibetan Buddhist monks. A 2004 study took eight long-term Tibetan Buddhist practitioners of meditation and, using electrodes, monitored the patterns of electrical activity produced by their brains as they meditated. The researchers compared the brain activity of the monks to a group of novice meditators (the study had these subjects meditate an hour a day for one week prior to empirical observation). In a normal meditative state, both groups were shown to have similar brain activity. However, when the monks were told to generate an objective feeling of compassion during meditation, their brain activity began to fire in a rhythmic, coherent manner, suggesting neuronal structures were firing in harmony. This was observed at a frequency of 25–40 Hz, the rhythm of gamma waves. These gamma-band oscillations in the monk’s brain signals were the largest seen in humans (apart from those in states such as seizures). Conversely, these gamma-band oscillations were scant in novice meditators. Though, a number of rhythmic signals did appear to strengthen in beginner meditators with further experience in the exercise, implying that the aptitude for one to produce gamma-band rhythm is trainable.[19]
Such evidence and research in gamma-band oscillations may explain the heightened sense of consciousness, bliss, and intellectual acuity subsequent to meditation. Notably, meditation is known to have a number of health benefits: stress reduction, mood elevation, and increased life expectancy of the mind and its cognitive functions. The current Dalai Lama meditates for four hours each morning, and he says that it is hard work. He elaborates that if neuroscience can construct a way in which he can reap the psychological and biological rewards of meditation without going through the practice each morning, he would be apt to adopt the innovation.[20]


Resources couldn't be limited in a world where they were grown as needed... converting energy from the sun into energy for life all over the planet. (also tidal energy... wind energy.) ( Dwellings continually updated to the needs of the population by sustainable plant life that created walls, ceilings, plumbing stacks, energy conduits. New development everyone needs? Provision of seeds/ grafts to the entire world took a matter of months. Man's largest vocation was that of gardener...) (Note the information about the sea shells and how they grow... that idea could also be used when building structures... especially things like plumbing stacks, air vents, etc.... created by biological creatures that are then used for food once the house is completed.)... What about ants? Bees? Birds? Other creatures that build... Why not harness them as well?

Let's talk about computers (that's something I know a little about). Need something folks can grab a hold of and understand. Something you think “cool” to when you imagine it. Storage of data – long term storage (tree rings..) short term rewriteable storage.... (leaves... ) display flowers... Or plasma of some sort... User interface? Electrical... plants do respond to electrical impluse... Dilemma... Jelly fish, man of war... All those electrical parts... chemical parts...

Scientific background[edit]
Biocomputers use biologically derived materials to perform computational functions. A biocomputer consists of a pathway or series of metabolic pathways involving biological materials that are engineered to behave in a certain manner based upon the conditions (input) of the system. The resulting pathway of reactions that takes place constitutes an output, which is based on the engineering design of the biocomputer and can be interpreted as a form of computational analysis. Three distinguishable types of biocomputers include biochemical computers, biomechanical computers, and bioelectronic computers.
Biochemical computers[edit]
Biochemical computers use the immense variety of feedback loops that are characteristic of biological chemical reactions in order to achieve computational functionality.[1] Feedback loops in biological systems take many forms, and many different factors can provide both positive and negative feedback to a particular biochemical process, causing either an increase in chemical output or a decrease in chemical output, respectively. Such factors may include the quantity of catalytic enzymes present, the amount of reactants present, the amount of products present, and the presence of molecules that bind to and thus alter the chemical reactivity of any of the aforementioned factors. Given the nature of these biochemical systems to be regulated through many different mechanisms, one can engineer a chemical pathway comprising a set of molecular components that react to produce one particular product under one set of specific chemical conditions and another particular product under another set of conditions. The presence of the particular product that results from the pathway can serve as a signal, which can be interpreted—along with other chemical signals—as a computational output based upon the starting chemical conditions of the system (the input).

Control of the 4 horseman)
Famine (weather controlled ….)footnote 7, Disease (medical advancements and better health standards) footnote 6, War (no religion, no resource lack, no separate nations, no separate concepts of what will make things better), Plague (pest) control of insects, rodents....footnote 8

Collapse of the political states throughout the world in favor of self government, proliferation of ngos... and finally the institution of the GCC. (footnote 9)

Social structure... gardeners (a million deviations in this technological field)... politicians, scientists, designers, teachers, ….)

Life length 120 years....Hayflick limit (footnote5 ) DNA splitting issue. but suicide was not uncommon. Government took a blind eye pretty much to that... benefits included population control, ability for more people to have children (controlled by changes in seed distribution that were masked from the folks that were given the seeds that created plants without pregnacy control hormones. No one really knew since that was mechnically controlled.). And having children produced a calming effect in the families that were fortunate enough to have them. Sense of purpose.

Sense of purpose wasn't always easy to have. Government controlled ways (school, patriotism, etc...) everything but spirituality.

discussions of disadvantages of spirituality... separateness, problems with over zealousness... etc)
On Quora


History, Philosophy, Religion, and Humanities
What are the advantages and disadvantages of religion?
Want Answers13
Kris Rosvold
Kris Rosvold, 53 years old, 48 an atheist. Studied ... (more)
11 upvotes by Noam Kaiser, Quora User, Pamela DeWolf, (more)
Full disclosure: You've asked an atheist (small "a") to answer this... be careful what you ask for.

While I agree with much of what Noam Kaiser says, I have a slightly different take on the advantages and disadvantages of religion from a human nature perspective.

The disadvantages for me are several:

Religion promotes magical thinking as a "solution" to moral and ethical problems. That is, it asserts that I am to believe such and so because "God (supposedly) said so." The glaring problem here is that much of what is claimed as "Gods Holy Word" is actually just the historical musings of powerful old men seeking more power over the serfs.

Religion is often greedy in (socially) demanding a 10% tithe from even those who are already at or below subsistence level. (Useful to priests and kings when harvests are bad).

It stifles freedom of thought by listing what your morals are to be, and by regarding any independent thought as challenging "The Holy Word of God."

Religion uses LOTS of circular logic and appeals to authority to justify it's existence.

It uses social approbation as a second level tool to insure that compliance.

It promotes letting evil folks escape without punishment here and now by asserting that "it's not your job to punish them" and that they'll "get theirs" in some mythical afterlife (Very, very useful for the wealthy folks oppressing the serfs).

It promotes authoritarianism in requiring compliance to dogma.

It sets up a Top Class (priests) who can scare you into compliance when all else fails....
If you boss tells you to do something and you don't you might loose your job. Meh...

If your God, or one who claims to be it's representative, tells you to do something and you don't you "Go to Hell"... forever. Not "Meh" if you believe in such things.

It causes folks to live in fear.

It causes folks to "just shut up and accept" whatever their priests claim is "what God wants you to do"... no matter how little sense it makes in light of your morals, or your life experience. (A Prime example of this is found in the calls for forgiveness from within the Catholic Church, for their child molesting priests and those who protected them).

It causes folks to physically attack other folks over words and different beliefs.
It does this by using a "Them vs. Us" mentality.

Now... on the plus side.

The simple fact is that there are a fairly large percentage of folks who need the apparent certainty of believing that there's a god which is watching out for them.
Religion gives them comfort... However false that comfort appears to me, it has a great value to them.

It can promote a sense of community, and of shared goodness.

It can be used to help those less fortunate.

More on Quora: About spirtitualism... not spirituality

Jon Jermey, long-term atheist and AGW sceptic

If spiritualism is true then everything we think we know about physics is wrong.

People who think they know things about physics have brought us television, aeroplanes, computers, vaccinations, a green revolution, and the internet.

People who think they know things about spiritualism have brought us nothing of any value or significance whatsoever.

Which group is more likely to be correct?

Government control of society:

Non competitiveness.
Population control
Creation and enforcement of Taboos....
Medical care/healing modalities
Science funding
Arts funding (make everything available to everyone. But control what's POPULAR). Note similarity between word popular and propaganda... or is there a similarity?
(look up other ideas about control and add them here.)


Conflict. Likable scientist is a member of underground fraternity of spiritualists.

Personal level conflict....
Humans are still humans, there are still the basic sins...
Pride, Lust, Anger, Greed, Gluttony, Envy, Sloth. How the government attacks those things?

Non competitiveness. Group identification, Schooling from early on embeds basic fear of lust, anger... , greed and envy are not an issue because everyone pretty much has the same thing. Gluttony controlled because diet is controlled. - All things can be wanted in excess however... (greed gluttony)
Social science is a big discipline, and contains the largest segment of tested genius. Promoted by the government as the number one endeavor... pride is still a huge problem although attempts to rein it in and use it for the “good” are numerous and mostly successful. Prideful scientists... social scientists.

Personal conflict between likable Timothy, (who chose to be in field of invention rather than social experimentation because it appealed to him more) and brillant but proud, disdainful, H. M. Walsh, social scientist.

Political leader.... James Manfield, son died of suicide 5 years prior.

Larger conflict spiritualists vs government.

Even larger conflict, utopia without God, created by social control, or the problems that come with allowing belief in God, and spiritual development allowed to flourish.

Footnote 1:
Living House at DUMBO brooklyn Navy yard.

Footnote 2:
Global Policy Forum...
Director-General of the WTO Pascal Lamy discusses globalization’s “fragile dominance” over our era, and argues that deglobalization should not and will not happen. However, governance of globalization must be improved. Utilizing the lessons of history and accounting for globalization’s new “system frictions” (such as resource scarcity), countries can develop practices and policies for an interdependent world.  Lamy emphasizes that globalization lessens states’ control and that the benefits of globalization can be harnessed when states act as a coherent whole. Lamy’s discussion fails to recognize the structural differences for developing and developed countries in a globalized world. (WTO)

Footnote 3:
Gathering data from cell phones:
Article about social science....
In addition to call activities, the gender, the year of birth, and the “user language” of the mobile phone users were provided by EMT for scientific purposes. It is assumed that the user language selected as the language of communication with the operator is the user’s first language. This is the language which is used for billing, special offers and technical messages by network operator.

(What other things could be collected and used to define what sort of people we are? - where we stay at night, where we go during the day...)

Footnote 4:

How to make wormholes? :) Why can't our minds be doing it and we don't even know it?
Footnote 5:
Gerontologist Leonard Hayflick at the University of California thinks that humans have a definite expiry date. In 1961, he showed that human skin cells grown under laboratory conditions tend to divide approximately 50 times before becoming senescent, which means no longer able to divide. This phenomenon that any cell can multiply only a limited number of times is called the Hayflick limit.
Other scientists used census data and complex modelling methods to come to the same conclusion: that maximum human lifespan may be around 120 years. 

Footnote 6:
Principles of Disease prevention and eradication.

Footnote 7:

footnote 8:
Pest eradication

Footnote 9:
NGOs and collapse of state governance
Political scientists often refer to NGOs as "pressure groups" or "lobby groups," but this concept does not do justice to these organizations and their broad public influence. In the 1980s, the term "civil society" came into fashion, but it proved too broad and amorphous. For this reason, a cross-disciplinary specialty emerged in the 1990s focusing on NGOs and their role in society. Scholars working in this area have noted that NGOs can command great legitimacy, sometimes more than national authorities. An opinion poll in Germany, for example, found that considerably more respondents said they trusted the NGO Greenpeace than those that expressed trust in the German Federal government. NGOs create "public goods," needed by citizens, that are not ordinarily created in the for-profit marketplace. Economists sometimes refer to NGOs and the broader, non-profit part of the economy as the "Third Sector," to distinguish it from government and private business. In some large countries, this sector accounts for millions of jobs and billions of dollars of economic activity.
NGOs are often seen as synonymous with non-profits, but a distinction between the two is useful. Non-profits include a very wide range of organizations, including museums, universities, and hospitals, that focus on services and rarely (if ever) engage in advocacy. By contrast, NGOs always have an important advocacy mission.
In the field of international relations, scholars now speak of NGOs as "non-state actors" (a category that can also include transnational corporations). This term suggests NGOs' emerging influence in the international policy arena where previously only states played a significant role. Though NGOs have few formal powers over international decision-making, they have many accomplishments to their credit. In recent years, they have successfully promoted new environmental agreements, greatly strengthened women's rights, and won important arms control and disarmament measures. NGOs have also improved the rights and well-being of children, the disabled, the poor and indigenous peoples. Some analysts believe that these successes resulted from increasing globalization and the pressure of ordinary citizens to control and regulate the world beyond the nation state.

Footnote 10:

transit ideas. Tunnel to places....
The Evacuated Tube Transport system can theoretically travel up to 4,000 miles per hour, taking passengers from Washington D.C to Beijing in two hours.
The system combines maglev technology (which uses magnetic levitation to move vehicles) found in today’s high-speed trains with a vacuum-sealed environment that allows human-filled capsules to move incredibly fast. Evacuated Tube Transport probably won’t replace high-speed rail anytime soon, but there is an open consortium dedicated to getting the technology commercialized. And at least one advocate thinks that Evacuated Tube Transport could be used within a decade.

SciFi Novel Idea: Conscious Contact